The Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing is proud to announce this stimulus grant award from the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities/National Institutes of Health (1RC2MD004760-01). Principal Investigator: John Clochesy, PhD, RN, FAAN, FCCM.
Chronic illness and health disparities are prevalent in the United States. More than 61 million Americans have heart disease, 20 million have diabetes, 50 million have hypertension, and 7.4 million have kidney disease.
Those from racial and ethnic minority groups are disproportionately affected by chronic illnesses. For example, there are significant disparities in diabetes in particular where African Americans, Hispanic Americans/Latinos, Native Hawaiians, and American Indians are more likely to have diabetes than non-Hispanic whites and African-Americans are more likely to suffer complications from diabetes than non-Hispanic whites.
Electronic Self-Management Resource Training to Reduce Health Disparities (eSMART-HD) is a screen-based simulation using avatars to promote self-efficacy in negotiating care with healthcare providers for those from medically and socially disenfranchised groups. Its goal is improved self-management of chronic illness and a reduction in health disparities.
This project develops and provides resource training to those from medically and socially disenfranchised groups to get what they need for self-management of their health in two phases--a preclinical investigation using focus groups from the targeted communities and an intervention with subjects with chronic illnesses.